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In 1564, Jizya tax was abolished by Akbar. Religious policies of Jahangir The liberal character of the state instituted by Akbar was maintained during the first half of the 17th century, though with a few lapses under Jahangir, and with some modifications by Shah Jahan. He believed in the unity of God. The main reference material for this post is NCERT History text for Class 7 (Our past -1). Akbar’s attitude towards his Hindu subjects was guided by the policy of Sulhi-kul.2. Akbar’s most notable tutor, Abdul Latif, taught him the principle of universal peace which […] UPSC NCRET HISTORY NOTES: TOPIC WISE SOLVED MCQ’s UPSC HISTORY MEDIEVAL INDIA: India Under Akbar (Mughal Empire) Notes 2. Related posts: Get complete information on the Religious Policy of the Mughals Useful […] Akbar captured strong forts of the Rajputs like the forts of Chittor, Ranthambhor, and Kalinjar. Save. Expectations of orthodox circles: At the outset of Jahangir's reign, there was an expectation in orthodox circles that… Akbar accepted all his subject equal regardless Akbar promoted tolerance of other faiths and even encouraged debate on philosophical and religious issues. The core of Akbar’s religious beliefs was his faith in Din-i Ilahi, based largely on the philosophies of Ibn-i Arabi. In this course we would analyse the different policies of Akbar. These points might come quite handy for Prelims and Mains. There was no Mughal land revenue system before Akbar. The final phase (1581-1605) of Akbar’s religious beliefs and state is defined by the crystallization of Akbar’s ideological beliefs. Akbar thus tried to befriend the Rajputs but at the same time desired to bring them under his suzerainty. He was the eldest son of Umar Sheikh Mirza, a direct descendant of Turk-Mongol conqueror Timur, also known as Tamurlane. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. Religious policy of Akbar the Great was based on a Sufi doctrine known as Sulh-i-Kul (meaning of Sulh-i-Kul is Peace with All), a policy of universal brotherhood and non-discrimination. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The crux of Akbar's religious beliefs was his faith in monotheism or Tauhid-i-Ilahi. Pawan Jha. Saint Kabir was greatly influenced by Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi. Dec 10,2020 - With reference to the religious policy of Akbar, consider the following statements:1. 1B, Second Floor,Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005 (Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. Akbar‟s religious policy basically based on the doctrine of Sulh-i Kul which means universal peace as well as tolerance for every individual. The Mughal Empire (Notes+MCQ) Babur (1483-1530 A.D., ruled 1526-1530 A.D.) Zahir-ud-din Babur was the founder of the Mughal Empire. In 1562, he banned forcible conversions. Bairam Khan, who subsequently became Akbar’s guardian and protector, was a Shia Muslim. When Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri during the 1570s he started discussions on religion with the ulama,Brahmanas and jesuit priests . Religious Policy of Akbar. Only the main points from the chapters are compiled below. Mughal Administration (in Hindi) 10m 07s. Akbar was born and brought up in comparatively liberal surrounding. Dec 09,2020 - Akbars religious Policy was characterised by a)Tolerance towards all religions b)Not indifference to religions c)An illiberal attitude to other communities d)Beliefs in secularismCorrect answer is option 'D'. Civil Services (Prelims) Examination Special Quick Revision Notes Mughal Empire - III (Administration under Akbar) : Indian History 1. Choose Goal. This weakened the power of the Rajputs to offer him resistance. History. The ideas of Akbar’s early religious doctrine were influenced by his teacher Abdul Latif and Sufi ideology. But Aurangzeb was sectarian in his views and often carried them to excesses. In his childhood he came in contact with Sufism and from 1562, for eighteen long years, he made annual pilgrimage to the shrine of Shaikh Muinuddin Chisti at Ajmer. Akbar, in full Abū al-Fatḥ Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Akbar, (born October 15?, 1542, Umarkot [now in Sindh province, Pakistan]—died c. October 25, 1605, Agra, India), the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India.He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. The Jizyah was re-imposed in1575. Emperor Akbar (1556–1605) During Humayun’s wanderings in the Rajputana desert, his wife gave birth to a son, Jalaluddin, known as Akbar, in 1542. At the beginning of his reign, Aurangzeb prohibited the kalma being inscribed on coins, as it trampled underfoot or be defiled while passing from one hand to another. The religious policy of Akbar is known as 'Din-e-ilahi', which literally means the integrity of all the religions. ... Akbar's Religious Policy (in Hindi) 9m 09s. He was the third and one of the greatest rulers of the Mughal Dynasty in India. Complete Preparation Guide for UPSC Civil Service Exam. Aurangazeb, as governor of Deccan, followed a belligerent Deccan policy. Aurangzeb banned the festival of Nauroz, as it was considered as Zoroastrian practice favored by the Safavid rulers of Iran. Religious Policy. Login. Analyzing IAS exam pattern, it is evident that candidates should have clear understanding concepts and this is possible through daily IAS preparation.To assist you Himalai IAS coaching is come up with UPSC subject wise most … This led to the creation of the Ibādat Khāna ("House of Worship") at Fatehpur Sikri in 1575, which invited theologians, poets, scholars, and philosophers from all religious denominations, including Christians, Hindus, Jains, and Zoroastrians. Bairam Khan is responsible for molding his conduct and shaping his early policy. The basic purpose of Akbar’s religious policy was universal tolerance. From his childhood Akbar had come in… Read more Pilgrimage tax was abolished in 1563. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. Administrative Units. He had equal regard for all religious system and he believed in the essential unity of all religions. He did not practice principles of Islam strictly. His father was a Central Asian Sunni given to belief in super­stitious mysticism. The patronage to the Dargah at Ajmer became an important aspect of Akbar’s religious policy. Question Saint Nimbarka was a contemporary of Akbar. However, his religious views went through a process of slow evolution. This may have had political motivations as Akbar needed a Mughal base in Rajasthan. The akbar adopted the policy of peace in place of Islamic doctrine. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. The Ibādat Khāna (House of Worship) was a meeting house built in 1575 CE by the Mughal Emperor Akbar (r. 1556–1605) at Fatehpur Sikri to gather spiritual leaders of different religious grounds so as to conduct a discussion on the teachings of the respective religious leaders.. A team of Dedicated Mentors are at work to help you through Revision, Current Affairs, Test Series, Standard Notes to ace Your Dream to became an IAS ! Religious Policy At the beginning of his reign, Aurangzeb prohibited the kalma being inscribed on coins, as it trampled underfoot or be defiled while passing from one hand to another. Hindi (Hindi) Akbar Policies : UPSC CSE. It was also known as the principle of peace with all, ie peaceful behavior with all. Free courses. Soon after his accession to the throne he came to the conclusion that the friendship of the Rajputs, a brave and fearless community, would be very valuable and that it would be disastrous to follow a policy … These discussions took place in ibadat Khana . India’s Best Online Website for IAS Exam Preparation. Akbar’s Rajput Policy – 1 Akbar was a great statesman. Akbar Religious Policy Religious Freedom to all Communities. This Course is beneficial for UPSC CSE aspirants. | EduRev UPSC Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 103 UPSC Students. Akbar (1556-1605): Abu'l-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar, popularly known as Akbar I. later as Akbar the Great was was Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. His father Humayun and grandfather Babur did not introduce any changes because they were the first conquerors of the. Th Religious Policy of Akbar was liberal. Can you explain this answer? rishi upsc — September 5, 2020 add comment. He was not a religious man. Ajmer became the seat for the Mughal governor in Rajasthan. UPSC CSE. Akbar: Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy: Part II (3) The Third Phase (1581-1605): Akbar's own religious ideas and beliefs crystallized slowly during the last phase. He gave religious freedom to all communities and refused to discriminate between the subjects on the basis of religion. The Deccan policy of the Mughals started from the reign of Akbar. Evaluate the Religious Policy of Akbar Evaluate the Religious Policy of Akbar The religious policy of Akbar the Great was the most liberal exponent of the policy of toleration among all Muslim ruler in India. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? The liberal religious policy of Akbar also directed him to be friendly with them. Akbar hardly brought any changes in the organization of local government. He had faith in God and observed principles of Islam in a normal way. Akbar was crowned at the age of fourteen. Aurangzeb banned the festival of Nauroz , as it was considered as Zoroastrian practice favored by the Safavid rulers of Iran. The religious policy of Akbar was very liberal. Akbar had been brought up in an atmosphere surcharged with conflicting religious influences. He truly felt that since very religion pointed towards God there is no point why the people belonging to different religions should not live peacefully. He came in contact with people of all faiths which liberalised his views. The non-Muslim who were the bulk of … His attempt to set himself up as a jagat guru, the spiritual leader of the people, was a political mistake.In a nutshell, Akbar’s policy of Sulh-i Kull completely collapsed which affected the very fabric of the Mughal society. 8) As an enlightened ruler, Akbar based his rule on a firm foundation. Religious policy of Jahangir has been placed between his father, Akbar and his son, Shah Jahan. Like many of the sufis, Akbar believed that communion with God… Medieval History. Answer: d. Also Read : What to Study for IAS UPSC? His religious policy did not discriminate other religions and focused on the ideas of peace, unity and tolerance. The proceedings at Ibadat Khana were initially confined to Muslims only.3. ADVERTISEMENTS: Akbar was a Muslim, and like a true Muslim he had respect for all religious faiths. Abu Fazl links Din-i ilahi with the concept of Akbar being a spiritual guide of the people. He followed the policy of “Sulh-i-Kuls” or peace with all. (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2. So, the religious policies of both Akbar and Aurangzeb are the most differing, according to the stances taken by them. In this article on Medieval India, we cover the Mughal Dynasty. The Jats and Satnamis and also the Sikhs revolted against him due to his harsh religious policy. As 'Din-e-ilahi ', which literally means the integrity of all religions tolerance! 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