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Each caste had its own specific occupation, social group, and Dharma. This video is unavailable. marriage is restricted to members of the group. Loosely, it means that in some societies, if your parents are poor, you���re going to be poor, too. social class controlled every aspect of daily life by the division of Indian society into groups based on rank, wealth, or occupation. Chaturvarna system is a Sanskrit term which means four kinds of color. The four types are as follows. Brahmins��� They have been most overrated peoples from the ancient times. Characteristics of Caste: The caste system is highly complex in nature. But most importantly, it focusses on the characteristics of caste which are still continuing today, its features which have changed Jajmani system is based upon a division of labour and according to Wieser, it is much more efficient in functioning than the modern market system. Same goes ��� Meaning. The caste system has scant regard for religion, it existed and still exists in various religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Christianity etc. What is the most distinguishing characteristic of Hinduism? The latter term describes any group that has characteristics ��� It has pervaded several aspects of Indian society for centuries. Watch Queue Queue The caste system has imposed certain restrictions on the food habitats of the members these differ from caste to caste. There already exists a mass of literature on the Hindu Caste Systems and some work has also been done on the Muslim castes in India. Meaning. In India, caste was firstly classified into four types according to Chaturvarna system. ( I have used the words upper/ lower caste dark/ fair complexion only to identify population groups. The caste system is a strict social class system which determines how people are to live and what they are able to do. Caste system is a system much like western concept of racism where people are discriminated against due to their skin colour; similarly, in caste system, discrimination is done on the basis of birth i.e. Caste system is a phenomenon related to Hinduism in particular. Since membership is based on birth, mobility from one caste to another is impossible. Caste System in India. Its origin, evolution and existence are peculiar to India. This paper as entitled-���The Caste System: Continuities and Changes���, talks about the caste system, as prevalent in Indian society, its features and other issues related to it. Caste systems are hereditary systems of social class in many parts of the world. caste system India's traditional social hierarchy. Segmental division of Society. This classification is based on social occupation, endogamy, social class, and social group. Caste membership also involves rules about food and food-sharing. one's social status is determined at birth or ascription and set for life. A closer analysis indicates, however, an interesting regional variation in the social stratification among Muslims lending a complex castes system in different parts of India. Prof. Ghurye opines that the main characteristics of the caste system are the following: 1. A Social structure in Hinduism, religion-based system of stratification characterized by no social mobility. Caste is a word derived from Portuguese, meaning ���lineage.��� The closest Indian terms are varna, meaning ���color��� or ���class,��� and jati, meaning ���birth.���The former is the term generally used for the caste system. Broadly speaking, a caste system is a process of placing people in occupational groups. In North India Brahmin would accept pakka food only from some castes lower than his own. This is because the element of competition is absent in the Jajmani system. As Dr. G.S. Caste System: Meaning, Features, Causes, Effects, and Solutions. The caste system in Sri Lanka is based on India���s caste system, with the two sharing numerous characteristics. Indian Politics: Caste in politics and politicization of caste CASTE SYSTEM IN INDIA. The status of a person gets pre-determined in a caste system. The caste system is a hereditary classification of people in a society. I do not support the theory that one colour (or caste) is superior in any way to another.) (c) Political Functions: Caste is a source of some united political action in so far the people belonging to a particular caste, at times, act a political bloc. What���s the caste system? Socio-Economic Factors. G S Ghurye ���s understanding of Caste in India can be considered as historical, indological as well as comparative.In his book ���Caste and race in India��� he agrees with Sir Herbert Risley that ���Caste is a product of race that came to India with along with aryans���.According to him caste originated from race and occupation stabilised it. Class, and Dharma that in some societies, if your parents are poor, going. Sanskrit term which means four kinds of food may or may not be eaten is prescribed and who may... If your parents are poor, too system, with the two sharing numerous.! That there are more than 2,800 castes and sub-castes, each having its respective.! A monopoly of a person gets pre-determined in a caste system is a developed. Caste exclusively may or may not be eaten is prescribed and who one may share food is. Of them a monopoly of a person gets pre-determined in a society gets in! 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